For the purpose of this list, I shall define trees as woody plants that are single- or multi-branching with a canopy higher off the ground than shrubs. Plants that take a tree form can be a multitude of heights, but this list is for smaller trees up to about 25′-30′. Because I generally work with smaller lot situations, this list may include some taller trees that are quite slender in comparison to their height. In smaller lot situations, height is not generally as critical as width. For larger trees, see the list called Larger Trees & Shrubs.

And deciduous means the leaves are shed in the fall for the duration of the winter. Because this leaves naked branches in the winter, be sure to choose some evergreen plants as well as some plants that, though deciduous, have some winter interest such as colorful bark, berries or stunning architectural structure.

For SUNNIER Situations

Botanical Name Common Name Attributes*
Acer ginnala Amur Maple D,F,Fg,Ft
Acer griseum Paperbark Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Bihou' Bihou Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' Bloodgood Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Chitose Yama' Chitose Yama Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Fireglow' Fireglow Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Katsura' Katsura Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Mikazuki' Mikazuki Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Sango-kaku' Coral Bark Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Shaina' Shaina Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Shirazz' Shirazz Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Twombly's Red Sentinel' Twombly's Red Sentinel Jap. Maple D,F,Ft
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon Serviceberry D,N,F,FgFt
Cercidiphyllum japonicum Katsura D,F,Fg,Ft
Cercidiphyllum japonicum 'Rotfuchs' Red Fox Katsura D,F,Fg,Ft
Cercis canadensis 'Hearts of Gold' Hearts of Gold Redbud D,F,Ft
Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' Forest Pansy Redbud D,F,Ft
Clerodendrum trichotomum Glorybower D,F,Fg,Ft
Cornus florida 'Appalachain Spring' Appalachain Spring Dogwood D,F,Ft
Cornus kousa spp. Kousa Dogwood D,F,Ft
Cornus kousa 'Summer Gold' Summer Gold Kousa Dogwood D,F,Ft
Cornus kousa 'Wolf Eyes' Wolf Eyes Kousa Dogwood D,F,Ft
Cotinus goggygria 'Royal Purple' Royal Purple Smoke Tree D,F,Ft
Crataegus laevigata 'Crimson Cloud' Crimson Cloud' Hawthorn D,F,Fg,Ft
Fagus sylvatica atro. 'Purple Fountain' Purple Fountain Beech D
Fagus sylvatica 'Tricolor' Tricolor Beech D
Fraxinus angustifolia 'Raywood' Claret Ash D
Ginkgo biloba 'Princeton Sentry' Princeton Sentry Ginkgo D
Gleditsia triacanthos inermis Sunburst Honey Locust D,F,Fg
Hamamelis x intermedia Hybrid Witch Hazel D,F,Fg,Ft
Lagerstroemia indica & hybrids Crape Myrtle D,F,Fg
Magnolia liliflora 'Susan' Susan Magnolia D,F,Fg,Ft
Magnolia soulangiana Saucer Magnolia D,F,Fg,Ft
Magnolia stellata Star Magnolia D,F,Fg,Ft
Parrotia persica Ironwood D,F,Ft
Sorbus aucuparia European Mountain Ash D,F,Fg,Ft
Ulmus glabra 'Camperdownii' Camperdown Elm D,F,Fg
Vitex agnus-castus Chaste Tree D,F,Fg,Ft
*Attribute Codes: D=Deciduous; E=Evergreen; S=Semi-evergreen; N=Native; B=Bulb; F=Flowers; Fg=Fragrance; Ft=Fruit

For SHADIER Situations

Botanical Name Common Name Attributes*
Acer circinatum Vine Maple D,N,F,Ft
Acer japonica aurea Full Moon Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'First Ghost' First Ghost Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Green Filigree' Green Filigree Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Mikazuki' Mikazuki Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Tiger Rose' Tiger Rose Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Tsuma Gaki' Tsuma Gaki Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer palmatum 'Ukigumo' Ukigumo Japanese Maple D,F,Ft
Acer shirasawanum 'Aureum' Golden Full Moon Maple D,F,Ft
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon Serviceberry D,N,F,FgFt
Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' Forest Pansy Redbud D,F,Ft
Cercis canadensis 'Silver Cloud' Silver Cloud Redbud D,F,Ft
Cornus kousa 'Samaritan' Samaritan Kousa Dogwood D,F,Ft
Cornus kousa 'Summer Gold' Summer Gold Kousa Dogwood D,F,Ft
Ginkgo biloba variegata Variegated Ginkgo D
Hamamelis intermedia Witch Hazel D,F,Fg,Ft
Stewartia pseudocamellia Japanese Stewartia D,F,Fg,Ft
*Attribute Codes: D=Deciduous; E=Evergreen; S=Semi-evergreen; N=Native; B=Bulb; F=Flowers; Fg=Fragrance; Ft=Fruit

For information on understanding and using these plant lists see The Guide.

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